What is Water Treatment?
The most common types of household water treatment systems consist of: Filtration Systems. A water filter is a device which removes impurities from water by means of a physical barrier, chemical, and/or biological process. Water Softeners. A water softener is a device that reduces the hardness of the water.
Water Treatment Steps
Coagulation is often the first step in water treatment. During coagulation, chemicals with a positive charge are added to the water. The positive charge neutralizes the negative charge of dirt and other dissolved particles in the water. When this occurs, the particles bind with the chemicals to form slightly larger particles. Common chemicals used in this step include specific types of salts, aluminum, or iron.
Flocculation follows the coagulation step. Flocculation is the gentle mixing of the water to form larger, heavier particles called flocs. Often, water treatment plants will add additional chemicals during this step to help the flocs form.
Sedimentation is one of the steps water treatment plants use to separate out solids from the water. During sedimentation, flocs settle to the bottom of the water because they are heavier than water.
Once the flocs have settled to the bottom of the water, the clear water on top is filtered to separate additional solids from the water. During filtration, the clear water passes through filters that have different pore sizes and are made of different materials (such as sand, gravel, and charcoal). These filters remove dissolved particles and germs, such as dust, chemicals, parasites, bacteria, and viruses.
Activated carbon filters also remove any bad odors. Water treatment plants can use a process called ultrafiltration in addition to or instead of traditional filtration. During ultrafiltration, the water goes through a filter membrane with very small pores. This filter only lets through water and other small molecules (such as salts and tiny, charged molecules).
Reverse osmosis external icon is another filtration method that removes additional particles from water. Water treatment plants often use reverse osmosis when treating recycled water external icon (also called reused water) or salt water for drinking.
Water treatment differs by community
Water may be treated differently in different communities depending on the quality of the source water that enters the treatment plant. The water that enters the treatment plant is most often either surface water or ground water. Surface water typically requires more treatment and filtration than ground water because lakes, rivers, and streams contain more sediment (sand, clay, silt, and other soil particles), germs, chemicals, and toxins than ground water.
Some water supplies may contain radionuclides (small radioactive particles), specific chemicals (such as nitrates), or toxins (such as those made by cyanobacteria). Specialized methods to control or remove these contaminants can also be part of water treatment
Surface water: collects on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, reservoir, or ocean.
Ground water: is located below the surface of the earth in spaces between rock and soil.
Premium Water Filtration
The Reveal premium water system is ideal for whole house softening and conditioning.
It allows for the removal of common household contaminants, giving your family soft, silky water without hardness or chlorine.
Powered by NSF approved reticulated medias, this premium whole house softening and conditioning system gives you benefits far beyond traditional water treatment
Chlorine and chloramine free water
Soft, silky, hardness-free water
Bacteria, heavy metals, and algae free water
Typical for a family of up to 4 people.
Flow rates up to 10 GPM.
32,000 grain capacity
Typical for a family of up to 6 people.
Flow rates up to 15 GPM.
48,000 grain capacity.
Typical for a family greater than 5 people.
Flow rates up to 20 GPM.
64,000 grain capacity
Benefits of Reticulated Media
The Reveal utilizes the Clack metered control valve efficiently reducing waste water by 30% for reliable pure water.
Greater surface area, more effective than granular media
Less backwashing preventing less waste water
Reduces pressure drop up to 50%
Prevents channeling and plugging versus granular media
Improves efficacy and efficiency
Created greater contact time
SNRF-CC Modified Catalytic Carbon
A modified catalytic carbon that has the ability to absorb the entire chloramine molecule at once, without the need to break the ammonia/chlorine bond first, while also reducing soluble lead. This creates a higher capacity and greater flow rate than traditional catalytics.
10% Crosslink Resin
This resin has more intersections or strands “crosslinking” holding the beads together better than the standard 8% resin. This allows the resin bead to have greater strength and therefore a longer lifespan, sometimes double, than that of standard resin, especially when softening chlorinated water.
Reticulated KDF Media Cubes
Designed for removing and reducing chlorine bacteria, and soluble heavy metals. This media also helps control scale and algae, even hot water applications, without the issues of packing and channeling like common granular KDF.
*KDF 85 is available by special request